Infertility is an increasingly common problem. Almost every fifth couple needs the help of doctors to have a child. Fortunately, medicine can help them more and more effectively. The most modern methods of infertility diagnosis and treatment are also available. See what tests diagnose female infertility.
Infertility is a tragedy for many couples. They used to be left alone with this problem, today they can count on the help of medicine, which has great achievements in this field. Doctors talk about infertility when pregnancy does not occur after a year of regular intercourse without the use of contraception. In this situation, it is approx. 20 percent.
Do you have to see a doctor then? If both partners are very young, you can wait for it – in the next year, a few more percent of couples will conceive. However, if both, and especially a woman, are in their twenties, it is better not to wait and see a doctor specializing in fertility treatment. In certain situations, it is worth starting diagnostics even before the end of the year.
The causes of infertility
It is not true that a woman is usually responsible for infertility. Equally often – and more and more often – the cause of the trouble is the male factor. He is directly responsible for the lack of pregnancy in approx. 20% of women. pairs, and coexists with other reasons in another 30-40 percent. For infertility treatment, consult an infertility specialist in Coimbatore.
Causes of infertility in women
Ovulation disorders are a frequent cause of pregnancy failure in women. They may be the result of polycystic ovary syndrome, thyroid disorders, insufficiency of the hypothalamic-pituitary system, hyperprolactinemia, or excessive body weight.
Another common cause of infertility is obstruction of the fallopian tubes, caused, for example, by adhesions formed after operations in the abdominal cavity, endometriosis, and inflammation. Sometimes the cause of the lack of pregnancy cannot be determined at all – it is then referred to as idiopathic infertility.
Infertility treatment methods
Of the many treatments proposed in the past, only a few have been truly effective.
These methods are:
- surgical treatment of selected lesions,
- ovulation induction,
- intrauterine insemination ,
- in vitro fertilization.
Treatment of infertility: research
A woman’s fertility test usually begins with the so-called ovulation test to show that a woman is producing eggs properly. For this purpose, the level of sex hormones in the blood is tested at the appropriate times of the menstrual cycle. There are also a number of other hormonal tests and ultrasound examinations of the reproductive organs (it may reveal some abnormalities in the smaller pelvis.
On the other hand, hysterosalpingography is a radiological examination of the uterus and fallopian tubes, after administration of a contrast agent, it allows to determine, among others, the condition of the patency of the fallopian tubes.
During this examination, your doctor may take a snippet from the lining of the uterine cavity to detect any abnormalities that prevent a fertilized egg from implanting.
Another diagnostic method is laparoscopy, which allows you to see the uterus.
How to recognize infertility in women?
The list of tests that should be performed in the diagnosis of infertility in women is quite long.
Numerous hormone tests are necessary:
- estrogen, FSH, and LH levels can be measured,
- AMH (anti-Mullerian hormone) tests are often ordered to determine the so-called ovarian reserve,
- Other hormones such as prolactin or thyroid hormones (mainly TSH, FT4, and FT3 ) are also determined.
Earlier, the need for a gynecological examination is required at the best IVF hospital in Coimbatore. However, it includes not only a physical examination, but also imaging tests, fallopian tubes, and ovaries.