The Most Common Equine Diseases


I wanted to understand more about the most prevalent horse ailments because of their prevalence, so I did some research. Colic, equine herpesvirus, Strangles, laminitis, heaves, and equine influenza are the most prevalent horse ailments, in no specific order. Viruses, bacteria, and parasites are all common equine disorders. It’s worth noting that estimating disease frequency with certainty is challenging.

Equine Diseases

New owners frequently believe that all they have to do is put on a saddle and gallop. However, you must know a lot regarding horses and be familiar with frequent horse ailments, as well as their symptoms and treatments.

Typical equine illnesses

Horse owners must be aware of frequent horse ailments in order to protect their horses’ health. Failing to provide a basic understanding of equine illnesses and their origins can end in your horse’s death.

This isn’t just bad for the horse, but it also makes it difficult for you to appreciate riding your horse. Several diseases affect horses, which can be prevented with immunizations and proper care. I’ll go through the most prevalent horse diseases, their origins and symptoms, as well as some tips on how to preserve your horse safe from these ailments. Even with the finest care, though, some horses, like humans, get sick.


Strangles is the most commonly diagnosed viral illness in the worldwide horse community and is a major problem. Strangles is a bacteria disease that affects a horse’s lymphatic system.

Lymph nodes that have been infected expand and rupture. When the inflamed nodes burst, puss pours from the horse’s snout and under their jaws. The afflicted horse’s lymph glands enlarge and burst, choking him; hence the name strangles. The bacteria that produce the sickness, Streptococcus Equi, is easily spread among horses. Outside of the animal’s body, the bacteria can survive for days in a stable and on the gear.


Colic is the most lethal of the numerous frequent horse ailments. It is estimated that 10 percent of the horse population has suffered from colic at some point in their lives.

Although 10% is a high percentage, please remember that the word “colic” is used to denote a variety of equine stomach problems.

Intestinal impaction, gas, excessive grain, sand intake, and parasitic infection are all major causes of colic. Assess your horse’s critical signs, maintain it on its feet, and contact your vet if you anticipate colic. Allow your equine to eat and drink only after consulting with your horse vet clinic.

Equine herpesviruses

Equine herpesvirus-4 is the world ‘s largest prevalent equine virus and among the most prevalent horse illnesses. It usually causes respiratory problems, but it can also lead to abortion or neurological problems.

Herpesvirus-1 is another frequent herpesvirus type that causes lung sickness, abortion, and neurological disorders. Yearlings and weanlings are the most prevalent carriers of both strains. It’s also thought that elderly horses are commonly carriers but just don’t show any signs of infection. The incubation time after an equine is infected with the virus might be as brief as twenty-four hours, although it is usually 4 to 6 days or longer.

Infectious horses cough the sickness into the air, which is then inhaled by uninfected horses.


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